The climate – a story of severe cold and hot midsummer days

A long winter and a short summer, in Estonia the cold period of snow and ice may last from the end of October until mid-March.


Scandinavia and the Baltic in winter.

In winter, the average temperature is usually around 5°C below zero and the country is covered by snow. For some weeks the islands have a direct connection to the mainland via ice roads on the frozen sea.


Other characteristics of the winter are dim daylight and a limited number of hours of sunshine. One can imagine very well how much the Estonians must look forward to the milder periods of the year.


Spring starts in April, but the flora will be in full bloom only in May, when for example the apple trees start to blossom. This is when a short but intense period of flourishing starts. Now, the nature proudly presents her true colours. Immense forests, uncountable lakes, everglades and the landscape formed by the Ice Age are the base of Estonia’s unspoiled nature and beauty.


In the summer, one may see the country from a different angle, with temperature of just over 20°C (on a midsummer’s day in June or July the temperature might go up to over 30°C) and the sun shining for  almost 20 hours.


It is only natural that people in Estonia are influenced by the climate and the changes during spring and summer.  In towns, people tend to stay up all night and enjoy the life outside. In Estonia, it is important to make the most of the short summer and enjoy it as much as possible.



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