Estonia and its nature – a short journey

Estonia’s flora and fauna are rather similar to that of Central Europe; however, there are some unknown or extinct species and phenomena.


liku-See Kilingi-Nõmme
Estonia is also called "Country of ten thousand lakes".

Mostly mixed or coniferous forests (approx. 45% of the country’s total area is covered with forest) consist of birches, spruces and pines. The forest soils are overgrown by different types of moss, herbage, heather and mushrooms. In the numerous lakes you might find trout, carps, eels, pikes as well as many croaking frogs.


The stork is another essential component of the idyllic landscape. In many places, only some power poles and chimneys are spared from the birds’ nest-building. Thus, besides Hungary, Estonia is considered to be the home of this legendary bird.


Other particularities of the fauna are related to the fact that Estonia is not very densely populated and there are numerous nature reserves. Many of these deserted parts of Estonia are the home for elks, bears and wolves.


In other words: you may find yourself face to face to one of these animals, an encounter that could be slightly dangerous unless you are very careful and have the necessary expert knowledge.


traces sand
Traces in sand: Dog or even wolf?

In general, Estonia has a lot of untouched nature and quietness to offer especially to nature-lovers. But the seaside, lakes, different types of woods and wetlands are special to this country. Without a doubt Estonia is an ideal destination for people who love virgin nature.



And what do the Estonians themselves think about their nature? Despite some pollution, inherited from the Soviet times, Estonians have always had a very close relationship with their nature.


Take the oak tree for example: it has a certain place in the Estonian mythology and its name “tamm” (oak tree) is a part of numerous Estonian place or proper names. Furthermore, the blue cornflower is an important national symbol.



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