Finally made it – Estonia’s way to independence

Similarly to countries such as Poland or Finland, Estonia’s history has been affected by centuries of foreign rule and dependence on other countries.


Der estnische Reichstag Riigikogu
Estonian Parliament (Riigikogu) on Toompea

Be it Germans, Swedes, Danes or Russians – potentates and delegates of all these nations have had their turn in influencing political actions in Estonia.


It is thus even more agreeable that Estonia managed to maintain its own national and cultural identity over the last centuries. Estonia is proud of its achievements; the language and old traditions are kept alive but in a most decent way.


Politische Karte Estland
Political map of Estonia. (Source:

Certainly, compared to other countries Estonia that only regained independence in 1991 is still lagging behind – despite respectable growth rates. But the country shows lots of positive approaches which have to be intensified and extended. But first of all, let’s take a look back …


The historic data show clearly how difficult the Estonian history has been so far. The following paragraphs document a long way that finally led to the restoration of national independence on 20 August 1991.



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