Population: approx. 1.35 million
Area: 45.227 km²
Density: 30 inhabitants/km²
Capital: Tallinn (formerly Reval)
Official language: Estonian
Currency: Eesti kroon
Car number plate: EST
Administrative districts: 15
- Tallinn 400.000
- Tartu 100.000
- Narva 67.000
- Kohtla-Järve 46.000
- Pärnu 44.000
Estonians, who make up for 75% of the population are the largest ethnic group. Approx. 20% of the inhabitants are of Russian descend. The other ethnic groups are Ukrainians (2%), Byelorussians (1.2%) and Finns (0.8%).
Traditionally the predominant religion in Estonia has always been Christianity. But around 70% of the Estonians today are of no particular faith. 14% of the population are of Evangelical Lutheran confession, followed by the Orthodox (12.5%). Roman Catholics, Muslims and Jews form confessional minorities in the country.
Estonia celebrates the following public holidays: January 1 (New Year’s Day), February 24 (Independence Day), Good Friday, May 1 (May Day), June 23 (Victory Day), June 24 (Saint John’s Day/Jaanipäev), August 20 (Regaining of Independence Day), December 25 and 26 (Christmas), December 31 (New Year’s Eve).
Usually, Estonians have their summer holidays between June 1 and September 1. The academic (school) year is divided into four terms and usually starts on September 1. School holidays are in November, at Christmas and in spring.
- local time in Estonia = Central European Time (CET) + 1 hour
- summer and winter time apply in Estonia = difference to CET stays the same throughout the whole year